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REPORT: COVID-19 Outbreaks Spreading outside of the Health Care Industry

Posted: July 3, 2020

(July 3, 2020)

Report updated to: June 29, 2020

A printable version of the full report can be found here.

——

Introduction

As Ontario starts to reopen as most of the province has gone to Stage 2, outbreaks have spread from health care settings to workplaces.  The COVID-19 pandemic has cut a path of grief and devastation through health care settings, particularly long-term care, hospitals, retirement homes and other congregate care settings. With the first wave of those devastating outbreaks that have tragically claimed more than two thousand lives now starting to be contained, we are not in the clear yet. Even as Ontario prepares to reopen, this past month has seen a significant increase in COVID-19 outbreaks in workplace settings such as agriculture, manufacturing, retail and food processing throughout Ontario.  While the Public Health Units have provided outbreak information in long-term care homes and retirement homes, they have been less forthcoming about outbreaks in other settings. Public Health reporting on these outbreaks have been very opaque and efforts have been made to protect the identity of the companies who have experienced outbreaks in their facilities.  Before Ontario reopens, we must have transparent reporting for all outbreaks and measures must be taken to protect workers with proper access to personal protection equipment, contact tracing and testing.

Agriculture Workers have been among the worst hit in workplace outbreaks with 974 workers infected, 3 deaths and new outbreaks and cases being announced daily.  This tragedy has drawn attention to the lack of regulations protecting migrant workers and unacceptable living and working conditions.


Outbreaks in Non-Health Care Industries
Industry Region Workplace Cases Industry Total
Agriculture       974
Windsor Essex 674  
Simcoe Muskoka 12  
Haldimand Norfolk Scotlynn Group 200  
London Ontario Plants Propagation 8  
Niagara Pioneer Flower Plants 40  
Chatham Kent Greenhill Produce 40  
Food Processing     154
Brampton Maple Lodge 25  
Kitchener Conestoga Meat 91  
York Saputo Dairy 24  
Waterloo Un-named Food Processing Plant 14  
Social Services 205
Toronto Willowdale Welcome Centre 204  
Ottawa Association Pour L’Integration Sociale 1  
Homeless Shelters 607
Toronto Various Shelters 601  
York Blue Door Shelter 2  
Ottawa Shepherds of Good Faith 4  
Childcare Centres 17
Niagara Fort Erie Daycare 1*  
Toronto Jessie Ketchum Daycare Centre 15  
York All About Kids 1  
Developmental Services 349 
York  
Toronto  
Niagara  
Hamilton  
Ottawa  
Niagara  
Eastern Ontario  
Waterloo  
Corrections 84
  Brampton 68  
  Toronto 4  
  Kingston 3  
  Hamilton 7  
  Elgin-Middlesex 1  
  Iroquois Falls 1  
Retail Various 96
Manufacturing Waterloo 5
Total 2491

*An outbreak is declared as one worker or resident/patient. No further details were provided.

 

Agriculture

Justicia for Migrant workers has been tracking outbreaks in Migrant Workers and has reported approximately 1,000 migrant workers who have tested positive for COVID-19. In this report we have tracked 974 cases of COVID-19 in the agriculture sector.

Deaths of Three Migrant Workers:

  1. On May 30, Bonifacio Eugenio-Romero, a 31-year old migrant worker from central Mexico, became the first foreign agricultural worker to die in Ontario from COVID-19. Eugenio-Romero had been in the country since early April and worked for Woodside Greenhouses Inc. in Kingsville, Ontario.
  2.  On June 5, a second worker, 24-year-old Rogelio Muñoz Santos, who also worked on a farm in Windsor-Essex, died.
  3. 55-year-old Juan Chaparro had been coming to Canada to work since 2010 and was employed at Norfolk County’s Scotlynn Group farm, where there has been a cluster outbreak of COVID-19.He is the third migrant worker to die this month after contracting the coronavirus. The two others died in the Windsor area.[1]

London-Ontario Plants Propagation facility: May 29 2020

Eight migrant workers at the Ontario Plants Propagation facility outside of St. Thomas have tested positive for COVID-19. The workers live in London but travel to the operation at 38024 John Wise Line.[2]

Haldimand Norfolk-Scotlynn Group: June 25 2020

Approximately 220 migrant farm workers live in residences on the farm. Approximately 200 people have tested positive. Two workers are currently hospitalized.[3]

Southwestern Ontario- Windsor Essex and Niagara: June 9 2020

It is estimated that there have been 400 agriculture and food workers who have tested positive in the Windsor, Essex and Niagara region.  There have also been two Mexican migrant workers who have passed away from COVID-19 and 2 more who are currently in Intensive Care.  The Windsor Essex Public Health Unit reported 43 new cases on June 9th 2020, which was the highest spike since the disease peaked in mid-April.  There have also been 34 more COVID-19 cases in the town of Leamington which hosts over 8,000 migrant workers, who live in communal housing and work together closely without proper access to PPE. There have been 17 farms with COVID-19 outbreaks, but the Public Health Units are not releasing their names.  The worst outbreaks have been at Greenhill Produce in Kentbridge, Scotlynn Group in Norfolk County and Ontario Plants Propagation of St Thomas.[4]

Niagara- Pioneer Flower Farms: June 4 2020

St. Catharines greenhouse, Pioneer Flower Farms, has become the site of the single largest jump in local COVID-19 cases since the pandemic hit Niagara in March. 60 workers have been placed in isolation of which 40 have tested positive.[5]

Windsor Essex-June 29 2020

The health unit says a total of 674 agri-farm workers have tested positive for the virus in the region.

Six workplaces in the agriculture sector are in outbreak status – four in Leamington and two in Kingsville.[6]

Chatham Kent- Greenhill Produce: June 15 2020

An outbreak was investigated at the end of April with 40 agricultural workers testing positive for COVID-19 at Greenhill Produce. [7]

Simcoe-Muskoka – Two Unidentified Farms: June 17 2020

Two outbreaks have been declared in Simcoe County with one farm having 9 cases in their workers and the other farm having 3 workers test positive for COVID-19.[8]

 

Food Processing

Brampton- Maple Lodge Farms: May 7 2020

Maple Lodge Farms in Brampton have had 25 workers test positive for COVID-19 and one worker has passed away from the virus.  Maple Lodge Farms is being criticized for failing to report their first positive case for over three weeks. [9] As of June 8 2020 Maple Lodge Farms has reported that they have not had a new case of COVID-19 in their facilities for three weeks. [10]

Ottawa- Conestoga Meat: May 22 2020  

Conestoga Meat in Ottawa had to close production for a time in order to contain their COVID-19 outbreak.  To date they have had 91 workers at their Breslau plant test positive for COVID-19, however 71 of those cases are now resolved. [11]

York Region – Saputo Dairy Products: May 19 2020

As of May 19, 2020 there had been 50 cases of COVID-19 from workplace exposures in York Region.  The largest being an outbreak at Saputo Dairy Products where 24 workers tested positive for COVID-19 and one worker passed away from the virus.  The other locations have not been disclosed by the public health unit. There have been 31 workers test positive in Vaughan with one worker ending up in the ICU, 9 workers test positive in Markham with two workers hospitalized and one in the ICU, 3 workers test positive in Newmarket with one death and two currently self-isolating, 3 workers test positive in Richmond Hill with one ending up in the ICU, 2 testing positive in Aurora and 2 in Whitchurch-Stouffville. [12]

Waterloo- Food Processing Plant: June 2 2020

An outbreak is ongoing at a food processing plant in Waterloo with 14 workers testing positive for COVID-19. Waterloo Public Health has not released any more information about the facility. [13]

 

Social Services

Toronto-Willowdale Welcome Centre: May 24 2020

Willowdale Welcome Centre is a Refugee Support Centre in Toronto which housed roughly 200 refugees seeking a better life in Canada.  To date over 24 workers at Willowdale Welcome Centre have tested positive for COVID-19 and 180 clients at the welcome centre have also tested positive.[14]

Ottawa- Association Pour L’Integration Sociale D’Ottawa: May 4 2020

Ottawa Public Health reported that Association Pour L’Integration Sociale D’Ottawa, a non-profit institution, declared an outbreak on April 24 and has 1 case in a staff member. The outbreak has now been resolved[15]

 

Homeless Shelters

Toronto- Homeless Shelters: June 12 2020

The Toronto Public Health unit has reported a total of 601 cases of COVID-19 in homeless shelters and respite centres. There have also been 3 deaths reported from these outbreaks with another death being reported as someone who was not a resident but visited services at a home with an outbreak. [16] The following homes have current outbreaks.

  • Birkdale/Costi Hotel Program- 25 residents have tested positive
  • Fred Victor Respite- 2 residents have tested positive
  • Homes First Society- 30 residents have tested positive
  • Mary’s Home Emergency Shelter- 6 residents have tested positive
  • Maxwell Meihen Centre- 48 residents have tested positive and one is currently hospitalized
  • Robertson House- 10 residents have tested positive
  • Warden Woods Community- 4 residents have tested positive[17]

York Region- Homeless Shelter: June 17 2020

Blue Door Shelter has had an outbreak with 1 staff member and one resident testing positive for COVID-19. [18]

Ottawa Region- Shepherds of Good Hope: June 5 2020

An outbreak was declared at the homeless shelter resulting in 4 residents testing positive for COVID-19.  The outbreak has now been declared resolved. [19]

 

Childcare Centres

York Region- Day Care Centre: June 17 2020

An outbreak has been declared at All About Kids, a daycare centre, where one staff member tested positive for COVID-19[20]

Niagara Region- Fort Erie Regional Child Care Centre May 20 2020

Fort Erie Regional Child Care Centre was closed Tuesday as a result of a COVID-19 outbreak. The centre is one of several facilities made available for daycare for children of essential workers during the outbreak.[21]

Toronto Region- Jesse Ketchum Early Learning and Child Care Centre: May 6 2020

At the Jesse Ketchum Early Learning and Child Care Centre, Dr. Eileen de Villa, the city’s medical officer of health, said a total of 11 staff members and four children have contracted the virus.[22]

Developmental Services

York Region: Developmental Services: June 17 2020

There have been a number of outbreaks in developmental services.

  • Kerry’s Place Autism Services- Doane: 1 staff member tested positive
  • Kerry’s Place Autism Services- Pefferlaw: 2 patients and 10 staff members tested positive
  • Kerry’s Place Autism Services- Queensville: 2 staff members tested positive
  • L’arche Daybreak Group Home: 1 resident and 1 staff member tested positive
  • Meta Centre: 7 residents and 5 staff members tested positive
  • New Leaf- The Elms: 3 staff members have tested positive
  • New Leaf- The Pines: (2 outbreaks) 5 residents and 5 staff members tested positive
  • New Leaf- Farm House: 12 residents and 15 staff members tested positive
  • New Leaf- Sycamore: 4 residents and 8 staff members tested positive
  • Participation House: 40 residents and 57 staff members tested positive
  • Participation House- Farintosh: (2 outbreaks) 2 residents and 6 staff members tested positive
  • Reena Home- Crestwood: 4 residents and 22 staff members tested positive
  • Reena Home- Kerrybrook: 1 resident and 17 staff members tested positive
  • Reena Home- Lebovic Campus: 3 residents and 7 staff members tested positive
  • Reena Rockview: 2 staff members tested positive[23]
  • Viva Community Living- Carrington: 4 residents and 6 staff tested members tested positive
  • Viva Community Living- Dufferin: 2 residents and 9 staff members tested positive
  • Viva Community Living- Matthewson: 3 residents and 12 staff members tested positive
  • Viva Community Living- Simmons: 3 staff members tested positive

York Region- Community Living York South: April 30 2020

An outbreak was declared at Community Living York south with one staff member testing positive for COVID-19.  The outbreak has now been declared resolved [24]

York Region- Halsey Memorial Lodge: April 16 2020

The Regional Municipality of York reported that Halsey Memorial Lodge, an adult care facility for people with mental health disabilities in Georgina, declared an outbreak with one case confirmed in a resident. [25]

Toronto Region – Access Independent Living Services: May 7 2020

An outbreak was declared at Access Independent Living with 6 staff members three clients had tested positive for COVID-19.  One staff member later passed away from the virus.  [26]

Niagara- Bethesda Community Services Inc.: May 5 2020

An outbreak has been declared in Bethesda Community Services, a home for developmentally delayed adults with one staff member testing positive for COVID-19.  The outbreak has now been resolved.[27]

Eastern Ontario- Milieux de vie a L’Érablière: April 23 2020

The Eastern Ontario Health Unit reported that the outbreak at Milieux de vie a L’Érablière had ended after two residents had tested positive for COVID-19. [28]

Ottawa Region – Settler’s Ridge: April 9 2020

An outbreak was declared at Settler’s Ridge, a home for developmentally delayed adults with one staff member testing positive for COVID-19, the outbreak has since been declared resolved.[29]

Hamilton- Wesley Supportive Housing: May 5 2020

An outbreak at Wesley Supportive Housing has been declared with four patients and four staff members testing positive for COVID-19. The outbreak at Wesley Supportive Housing has now been declared over. [30]

Waterloo Region-Unknown Congregate setting: June 25 2020

There have been 3 outbreaks in Waterloo Region in congregate setting but now all of the three are over. The three outbreaks involve 18 residents and 19 staff. Congregate setting data is aggregated to protect the privacy of individuals, as many facilities have a small number of residents and staff.[31]

Waterloo Region- Sunnyside Supportive Housing setting: June 18, 2020

On June 18th, one resident at Sunnyside Home tested positive for COVID-19. This resulted in an outbreak being declared.  This resident has since been re-tested twice and has received two negative results.[32]

 

Corrections

Elgin Middlesex- Detention Centre: June 11 2020

An inmate has tested positive for COVID-19 in the Elgin-Middlesex Detention Centre. [33]

Brampton- Ontario Correction Institute: April 20 2020

Ontario Correction Institute has had 8 staff members and 60 inmates test positive for COVID-19. The correctional facility houses around 120 inmates, which means half of the population was infected.  The inmates were then transferred and put in isolation.[34]

Toronto- Toronto South Detention Centre: April 9 2020

There have been three inmates and 1 staff member test positive for COVID-19 at the Toronto South Detention Centre.[35]

Iroquois Falls- Monteith Detention Centre: April 9 2020

One inmate has tested positive for COVID-19 at the Monteith Detention Centre.[36]

Hamilton- Hamilton Detention Centre and Barton Jail: April 24

One inmate has tested positive for COVID-19 at Barton Jail and 6 inmates have tested positive for COVID-19 at Wentworth- Hamilton Detention Centre.[37]

Kingston- Joyceville and Bath Corrections: June 26 2020

A corrections officer at Bath Corrections centre has tested positive for COVID-19.  A nurse and a corrections manager at Joyceville Minimum Security and Assessment centre have also tested positive.[38]

 

Retail

Greater Toronto Area- Grocery Stores: June 17 2020

Metro Grocery Stores have been reporting outbreaks in their retail stores and distribution centres in the GTA.  They have thirty cases of COVID-19 in their stores across the Greater Toronto Area.

  • Vickers Distribution Centre- Etobicoke: 5 staff members tested positive
  • West Mall Distribution Centre- Etobicoke: 9 staff members tested positive
  • Metro Derry Road- Mississauga: 1 staff member tested positive
  • Metro Cloverdale- Etobicoke: 1 staff member tested positive
  • Metro Aurora- Aurora: 1 staff member tested positive
  • Food Basic- North York: 1 staff member tested positive
  • Metro Parkway Mall- Scarborough: 8 staff members tested positive
  • Food Basics Ellesmere- Scarborough: 1 staff member tested positive
  • Metro Trinity Commons- Brampton: 1 staff member tested positive
  • Metro Queen West- Toronto: 1 staff member tested positive
  • Marche Adonis- Mississauga: 1 staff member tested positive [39]

Loblaws has also been tracking COVID-19 outbreaks in their stores and have reported two cases at FreshCo locations in Toronto.  The Jane St location and the Dupont St location. [40]

Durham- Grocery Store: April 21 2020

Oshawa has also had a staff member at their metro test positive for COVID-19.  [41]

Waterloo- Retail Outbreak: June 18 2020

Three workers at a retail location in Waterloo have tested positive for COVID-19.  The Waterloo Public Health has not disclosed the details about the facility. [42]

Richmond Hill- Home Depot: June 16 2020

Home Depot in Richmond Hill has confirmed that 14 of their staff members have tested positive for COVID-19. [43]

Vaughan- Costco Outbreak: April 28 2020

Costco in Vaughan has had 7 staff members test positive for COVID-19. [44]

Oshawa- Costco Outbreak: May 9 2020

Costco in Oshawa (Hwy. 7 and Weston Road) has had 1 staff member test positive for COVID-19. [45]

Keswick -Walmart Outbreak: June 20 2020

Walmart in Keswick (near Woodine and Glenwoods Aves) has had 1 staff member test positive for COVID-19. [46]

Alliston- Walmart Outbreak April 15 2020

Walmart supercentre in Alliston has had 1 staff member test positive for COVID-19. [47]

Barrie South- Walmart Outbreak April 15 2020

Walmart supercentre in Barrie South has had 1 staff member test positive for COVID-19. [48]

Aurora- Walmart Outbreak: May 26 2020

An unspecified Walmart in Aurora has had 1 staff member test positive for COVID-19. [49]

Thornhill- Walmart Outbreak: May 26 2020

An unspecified Walmart in Thornhill has had 1 staff member test positive for COVID-19. [50]

Bradford- Walmart Outbreak: May 26 2020

An unspecified Walmart in Thornhill has had 1 staff member test positive for COVID-19. [51]

Vaughan- Walmart Outbreak: May 26 2020

Walmart in Vaughan (8300 Hwy 27) has had 1 staff member test positive for COVID-19. [52]

Vaughan- Walmart Outbreak: May 26 2020

Walmart in Vaughan (101 Edgely Blvd) has had 1 staff member test positive for COVID-19. [53]

Mississauga- Walmart Outbreak: May 15 2020

Walmart in Mississauga (Heartland Town Centre, 800 Matheson Blvd) has had 1 staff member test positive for COVID-19. [54]

Hamilton- Walmart Outbreak: June 5 2020

Walmart in Hamilton (Ancaster, 1051 Garner Rd) has had 1 staff member test positive for COVID-19.[55]

Hamilton- Lowe’s Outbreak: June 5 2020

Lowe’s in Hamilton (Barton Street) has had 1 staff member test positive for COVID-19. [56]

Hamilton- FreshCo Outbreak: June 5 2020

FreshCo in Hamilton (Upper Gage Avenue) has had 1 staff member test positive for COVID-19. [57]

Bolton- Walmart Outbreak: June 5 2020

Walmart supercentre in Bolton has had 2 staff members test positive for COVID-19. [58]

Markham- Costco Outbreak: June 1 2020

Costco in Markham (Kirkham Dr) has had 1 staff member test positive for COVID-19. [59]

Kingston- Nail Salon: June 29 2020

There have been 25 cases of COVID-19 in an outbreak declared at a Nail Salon in Kingston, Ontario.  6 staff members and 6 clients and 13 of their community contacts were infected.[60]

 

Manufacturing

Waterloo- Manufacturing Industrial Plant: June 2 2020

An undisclosed manufacturing plant in Waterloo has had 5 workers test positive for COVID-19. Public health has not disclosed any more information about the facility. [61]

———-

[1] Michelle Ruby. Mass to be held Sunday for migrant worker who died of COVID-19. The Brampton Expositor.June 25 2020

https://www.brantfordexpositor.ca/news/local-news/mass-to-be-held-sunday-for-migrant-worker-who-died-of-covid-19

[2] Matt Thompson. Covid-19 outbreak among Ontario Plants Propagation migrant workers. CBC May 29 2020

https://london.ctvnews.ca/covid-19-outbreak-among-ontario-plants-propagation-migrant-workers-1.4960657

[3] Update on outbreak at farm. Haldimand-Norfolk Health Unit. June 25 2020 https://hnhu.org/update-on-outbreak-at-farm/

[4] Ferguson, Rob. Spike in COVID-19 cases among migrant workers in southwestern Ontario. The Star. June 9 2020 https://www.thestar.com/politics/provincial/2020/06/09/spike-in-covid-19-cases-among-migrant-workers-in-southwestern-ontario.html

[5] Drevfjall, Ludvig. A total of 60 cases of COVID-19 now found at local flower farm. Thoroldnews.com. June 4 2020. https://www.thoroldnews.com/coronavirus-covid-19-local-news/a-total-of-60-cases-of-covid-19-now-found-at-local-flower-farm-2410095

[6] 87 new COVID-19 cases reported in Windsor-Essex agri-farm sector, 1 in community

CTV Windsor.  June 29 2020. https://windsor.ctvnews.ca/87-new-covid-19-cases-reported-in-windsor-essex-agri-farm-sector-1-in-community-1.5004029

[7]COVID-19 update: Windsor-Essex does not enter Stage 2 of reopening CBC. June 15 2020 https://www.cbc.ca/news/canada/windsor/covid19-windsor-essex-june15-1.5612185

[8] Engel, Erika. First COVID-19 ‘outbreaks’ reported at two local farms today. Orillia Matters. June 17 2020

https://www.orilliamatters.com/coronavirus-covid-19-local-news/first-covid-19-outbreaks-reported-at-two-local-farms-today-2440078

[9]Russell, Andrew. 1 worker dead, 25 COVID-19 cases reported at Maple Lodge Farms poultry plant in Ontario

Global News. May 7 2020 https://globalnews.ca/news/6917614/maple-lodge-farms-covid-19/

[10] An update from Maple Lodge Farms’ regarding the ongoing COVID -19 Pandemic

Maple Lodge Farms. June 8 2020 https://maplelodgefarms.com/covid19-update/

[11] Andersin, Erin. Majority of COVID-19 cases at Conestoga Meats resolved: Public Health

Kitchener Today. May 22 2020 https://www.kitchenertoday.com/coronavirus-covid-19-local-news/majority-of-covid-19-cases-at-conestoga-meats-resolved-public-health-2369943

[12] Kelly, Deborah. York Region COVID-19 outbreaks ‘under control’, but workplace cases rising

Newmarket Today. May 19 2020 https://www.newmarkettoday.ca/coronavirus-covid-19-local-news/york-region-covid-19-outbreaks-under-control-but-workplace-cases-spiking-2362737

[13] Nielsen, Kevin.  17 new coronavirus cases in Waterloo Region as total cases rise to 1,130

Global News. June 2 2020 https://globalnews.ca/news/7016005/coronavirus-cases-waterloo-june-2-covid19/

[14] Kopun, Francine How a haven for refugees became home to the worst COVID-19 outbreak in Toronto’s shelter system The Star. May 24 2020 https://www.thestar.com/news/gta/2020/05/24/how-a-haven-for-refugees-became-home-to-the-worst-covid-19-outbreak-in-torontos-shelter-system.html

[15] Ottawa Public Health. April 29 2020. https://www.ottawapublichealth.ca/en/reports-research-and-statistics/resources/Documents/covid-19/29-Apr/outbreak_tables_2020-04-29_en.pdf

[16] According to Cathy Crowe (RN) in her COVID-19 Update on facebook on June 15 2020

[17]  Toronto Public Health. June 17 2020. https://www.toronto.ca/wp-content/uploads/2020/06/96ce-Toronto-Active-Shelter-Outbreaks-June-17-2020.pdf

[18] COVID-19 update York Public Health June 17 2020 https://www.york.ca/wps/portal/yorkhome/!ut/p/z1/04_Sj9CPykssy0xPLMnMz0vMAfIjo8zijYxMzDwMnQ28DDz8LQw83cwDTF0sPAwNvI30wwkpiAJKG-AAjgZA_VGElBTkRhikOyoqAgC__eMj/dz/d5/L2dBISEvZ0FBIS9nQSEh/#.XsYQ6hNKh0s

[19] Detailed Summary of COVID-19 Outbreaks in Ottawa Institutions. Ottawa Public Health. May 19 2020. https://www.ottawapublichealth.ca/en/reports-research-and-statistics/resources/Documents/covid-19/May20/outbreak_tables_2020-05-19_RHHO_ENtyu.pdf

[20] COVID-19 update York Public Health June 17 2020 https://www.york.ca/wps/portal/yorkhome/!ut/p/z1/04_Sj9CPykssy0xPLMnMz0vMAfIjo8zijYxMzDwMnQ28DDz8LQw83cwDTF0sPAwNvI30wwkpiAJKG-AAjgZA_VGElBTkRhikOyoqAgC__eMj/dz/d5/L2dBISEvZ0FBIS9nQSEh/#.XsYQ6hNKh0s

[21] Law, John. COVID-19 outbreak closes Fort Erie daycare. St. Catharines Standard. May 20 2020. https://www.stcatharinesstandard.ca/news-story/9992195-covid-19-outbreak-closes-fort-erie-daycare/

[22] Aguilar, Bryan. Three more children and five additional workers at Toronto daycare test positive for COVID-19. Toronto CTV News. May 6 2020. https://toronto.ctvnews.ca/three-more-children-and-five-additional-workers-at-toronto-daycare-test-positive-for-covid-19-1.4927883

[23] COVID-19 update York Public Health June 17 2020 https://www.york.ca/wps/portal/yorkhome/!ut/p/z1/04_Sj9CPykssy0xPLMnMz0vMAfIjo8zijYxMzDwMnQ28DDz8LQw83cwDTF0sPAwNvI30wwkpiAJKG-AAjgZA_VGElBTkRhikOyoqAgC__eMj/dz/d5/L2dBISEvZ0FBIS9nQSEh/#.XsYQ6hNKh0s

[24] Outbreaks in Long-Term Care and Community Settings. The Regional Municipality of York. May 3 2020. https://www.york.ca/wps/portal/yorkhome/!ut/p/z1/04_Sj9CPykssy0xPLMnMz0vMAfIjo8zijYxMzDwMnQ28DDz8LQw83cwDTF0sPAwNvI30wwkpiAJKG-

AAjgZA_VGElBTkRhikOyoqAgC__eMj/dz/d5/L2dBISEvZ0FBIS9nQSEh/#.XsYQ6hNKh0s

[25] Outbreaks in Long-Term Care and Community Settings. The Regional Municipality of York. May 3 2020. https://www.york.ca/wps/portal/yorkhome/!ut/p/z1/04_Sj9CPykssy0xPLMnMz0vMAfIjo8zijYxMzDwMnQ28DDz8LQw83cwDTF0sPAwNvI30wwkpiAJKG-

AAjgZA_VGElBTkRhikOyoqAgC__eMj/dz/d5/L2dBISEvZ0FBIS9nQSEh/#.XsYQ6hNKh0s

[26] Aguilar, Bryan. Fifth Ontario personal support worker dies after contracting COVID-19. Toronto CTV News. May 7 2020. https://toronto.ctvnews.ca/fifth-ontario-personal-support-worker-dies-after-contracting-covid-19-1.4930176

[27] Knox, Shelby. Two Covid-19 Outbreaks End at Niagara Facilities. Iheartradio. May 5 2020. iheartradio.ca/610cktb/news/two-covid-19-outbreaks-end-at-niagara-facilities-1.12327470

[28] Eastern Ontario Health Unit May 21 2020. https://eohu.ca/en/my-community/current-outbreaks

[29] Ottawa Public Health. April 15 2020. https://www.ottawapublichealth.ca/en/professionals-and-partners/outbreak-reports-in-ottawa-healthcare-institutions.aspx.

[30] Mitchell, Don. Hamilton has 460 COVID-19 cases, outbreak at Wesley Supportive Housing over. Global News. May 5 2020. https://globalnews.ca/news/6907734/hamilton-coronavirus-update-may-5/

[31] Waterloo Region COVID-19 Summary. Region of Waterloo. June 25, 2020.  https://www.regionofwaterloo.ca/en/health-and-wellness/positive-cases-in-waterloo-region.aspx

[32] Sunnyside Supportive Housing setting. Region of Waterloo. June 18, 2020 https://www.regionofwaterloo.ca/en/health-and-wellness/sunnyside-supportive-housing.aspx?_mid_=25575

[33] Ismal, Reta. Confirmed case of COVID-19 among inmates at Elgin-Middlesex Detention Centre

CTV News. June 11 2020. https://london.ctvnews.ca/confirmed-case-of-covid-19-among-inmates-at-elgin-middlesex-detention-centre-1.4980088

[34] Hasham, Alyshah. Eight staff, 60 inmates test positive for COVID-19 at Brampton jail. Inmates transferred to Toronto South Detention Centre. The Star. April 20 2020. https://www.thestar.com/news/gta/2020/04/20/68-test-positive-for-covid-19-in-outbreak-at-brampton-jail-inmates-being-transferred-to-toronto-south-detention-centre.html

[35] More than 2,000 inmates released, 6 COVID-19 cases confirmed inside Ontario jails. CBC News. April 9 2020. https://www.cbc.ca/news/canada/toronto/ontario-jails-coronavirus-1.5527677

[36] More than 2,000 inmates released, 6 COVID-19 cases confirmed inside Ontario jails. CBC News. April 9 2020. https://www.cbc.ca/news/canada/toronto/ontario-jails-coronavirus-1.5527677

[37] Cragg, Samantha. Still just 1 case of COVID-19 at the Barton jail, and 6 more in all of Hamilton

CBC News. May 72020 https://www.cbc.ca/news/canada/hamilton/covid-19-1.5559976

[38] MacAlpine, Ian. Two CSC staff members test positive for COVID-19

Whig Standard. June 26 2020. https://www.thewhig.com/news/local-news/two-csc-staff-members-test-positive-for-covid-19

[39] Lavoie, Joanna. Three employees at Metro, Food Basics grocery stores in Scarborough contract COVID-19

Toronto.com. May 14 2020 https://www.toronto.com/news-story/9988019-three-employees-at-metro-food-basics-grocery-stores-in-scarborough-contract-covid-19/

[40] Sobey’s COVID-19 Tracker. Sobeys.com June 25 https://corporate.sobeys.com/covid-19-cases-stores/

[41] Szekely, Reka. Oshawa Metro grocery worker tests positive for COVID-19

Durham Region.com. April 21 2020 https://www.durhamregion.com/news-story/9958374-oshawa-metro-grocery-worker-tests-positive-for-covid-19/

[42] Adams, Blair. COVID-19 update: Waterloo Region has four new cases Kitchener Today. June 18 2020 https://www.kitchenertoday.com/coronavirus-covid-19-local-news/covid-19-update-waterloo-region-has-four-new-cases-2444409

[43] Patton, Jessica. Richmond Hill Home Depot confirms 14 staff test positive for coronavirus

Global News. June 16 2020 https://globalnews.ca/news/7070731/richmond-hill-home-depot-coronavirus/

[44] Rodrigues, Gabby. 7 employees at Costco in Vaughan test positive for coronavirus

Global News. April 27 2020 https://globalnews.ca/news/6871598/costco-vaughan-coronavirus-covid19/

[45] Oshawa This Week. Case of COVID-19 confirmed at Oshawa Costco. May 9 2020  https://www.durhamregion.com/news-story/9984150-case-of-covid-19-confirmed-at-oshawa-costco/

[46] Yuen, Jenny. Keswick Walmart worker tests positive for COVID-19. Toronto Sun. June 20 2020. https://torontosun.com/news/local-news/keswick-walmart-worker-tests-positive-for-covid-19

[47] Goldfinger, Daina. Two employees test positive for coronavirus at Walmart locations in Barrie South, Alliston. Global News. April 15, 2020 https://globalnews.ca/news/6821032/alliston-barrie-south-walmart-coronavirus/

[48] Goldfinger, Daina. Two employees test positive for coronavirus at Walmart locations in Barrie South, Alliston. Global News. April 15, 2020 https://globalnews.ca/news/6821032/alliston-barrie-south-walmart-coronavirus/

[49] Zarzour, Kim. UPDATE: Five Walmart employees test positive for COVID-19 in York Region area. York Region. May 26 2020. https://www.yorkregion.com/news-story/9997015-update-five-walmart-employees-test-positive-for-covid-19-in-york-region-area/

[50] Zarzour, Kim. UPDATE: Five Walmart employees test positive for COVID-19 in York Region area. York Region. May 26 2020. https://www.yorkregion.com/news-story/9997015-update-five-walmart-employees-test-positive-for-covid-19-in-york-region-area/

[51] Zarzour, Kim. UPDATE: Five Walmart employees test positive for COVID-19 in York Region area. York Region. May 26 2020. https://www.yorkregion.com/news-story/9997015-update-five-walmart-employees-test-positive-for-covid-19-in-york-region-area/

[52] Zarzour, Kim. UPDATE: Five Walmart employees test positive for COVID-19 in York Region area. York Region. May 26 2020. https://www.yorkregion.com/news-story/9997015-update-five-walmart-employees-test-positive-for-covid-19-in-york-region-area/

[53] Zarzour, Kim. UPDATE: Five Walmart employees test positive for COVID-19 in York Region area. YorkRegion.com. May 26 2020. https://www.yorkregion.com/news-story/9997015-update-five-walmart-employees-test-positive-for-covid-19-in-york-region-area/

[54] Newport, Ashley. Employee at Mississauga Walmart tests positive for COVID-19. Insauga. May 15 2020. https://www.insauga.com/employee-at-mississauga-walmart-tests-positive-for-covid-19

[55] Mitchell, Don. Walmart, Lowe’s and FreshCo in Hamilton area report COVID-19 cases among workers. Global News. June 5 2020. https://globalnews.ca/news/7029519/hamilton-walmart-lowes-freshco-covid-19/

[56] Mitchell, Don. Walmart, Lowe’s and FreshCo in Hamilton area report COVID-19 cases among workers. Global News. June 5 2020. https://globalnews.ca/news/7029519/hamilton-walmart-lowes-freshco-covid-19/

[57] Mitchell, Don. Walmart, Lowe’s and FreshCo in Hamilton area report COVID-19 cases among workers. Global News. June 5 2020. https://globalnews.ca/news/7029519/hamilton-walmart-lowes-freshco-covid-19/

[58] Strader, Mathew. Bolton Walmart confirms two coronavirus cases among staff. Caledon Enterprise. June 5 2020 https://www.caledonenterprise.com/news-story/10015964-bolton-walmart-confirms-two-coronavirus-cases-among-staff/

[59] Riedner, Heidi. Public health updates details of COVID-19 cases at Markham Costco, All About Kids daycare. Markham Economist & Sun. June 1 2020. https://www.yorkregion.com/news-story/10002002-public-health-updates-details-of-covid-19-cases-at-markham-costco-all-about-kids-daycare/

[60] 25 confirmed COVID-19 cases now linked to Kingston, Ont., nail salon

CBC News.June 29 2020. https://www.cbc.ca/news/canada/ottawa/kingston-ontatio-salon-covid19-outbreak-1.5631049

[61] Nielsen, Kevin.  17 new coronavirus cases in Waterloo Region as total cases rise to 1,130

Global News. June 2 2020 https://globalnews.ca/news/7016005/coronavirus-cases-waterloo-june-2-covid19/

 

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